Hammond Institute PPE Program

What is PPE?

The academic disciplines of Philosophy, Politics, and Economics (PPE) were integrated until the late 19th century. This separation benefited the research objectives of the disciplines, but students lost out because they are often better served by examining the connections and tensions among the disciplines. PPE began its revival in 1924 at Oxford University and has since spread to more than 100 institutions worldwide.

Regular Coursework

Introduction to PPE

Experiential Components




For more information, contact the PPE coordinator, Professor Rik Hafer (rhafer@lindenwood.edu), or download the detailed description of the program, which includes the lists of PPE courses.

PPE Faculty

Grant Black
Rachel Ferguson
Tawni Hunt Ferrariini
Rik Hafer
Joseph Steineger
Jeanie Thies
Political Science
Howard Wall
Dale Walton
International Relations
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The John W. Hammond Institute for Free Enterprise
Lindenwood University

209 S. Kingshighway

St. Charles, MO 63301


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